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In daily life, whether at home, traveling, or at work, it is inevitable that there will be some emergencies. It is very necessary to master the relevant safety emergency and daily first aid knowledge. At critical moments, it will play a very important role, so that common sense becomes an essential skill in life.
People with mild to moderate heat stroke should quickly move to a cool and ventilated place to lie down and rest, take off or untie clothes, and used cold towels or ice packs to quickly lower their body
temperature. People with heat stroke can drink some cold salt water and cool salty drinks. If the patient has confusion and convulsions, he should be sent to the hospital immediately.
When people find that the nose is bleeding, they should bow their heads slightly forward, breathe with their mouths open, let the blood flow out of the nostrils, pinch the wings of the nose and press the bridge of the nose. If you still can’t stop the bleeding, you should go to the doctor immediately.
Before a person with a fracture is sent to the hospital, some corresponding fixation needs to be done. For example, you can use wooden boards and bandages/gauze around you for fixation, and pay attention to fix the joints near the fracture site together.
In addition, if you do not have a particularly good tool at hand, a lower limb fracture can also be used to immobilize the two legs together, with the healthy leg serving as one of the immobilizations for the affected limb on the fractured side.
For patients who are considered to have spinal injuries (cervical spine, lumbar spine, etc.), attention must be paid to the handling position, so as not to damage the spinal nerves and cause serious secondary injuries, such as paraplegia.
Once scalded, immediately wash the scalded part under running water or apply cold compresses with ice packs. If the scalded area is large, the injured should soak the whole body in a bathtub filled with cold water. Gauze or bandages can be loosely wrapped around the burn to protect the wound.
For those who are slightly drunk, they can drink strong tea to diuretic and accelerate the excretion of alcohol.
Any small object or liquid, even a grain of sand or a drop of detergent, can cause eye pain and even damage the cornea if it gets into the eye. First aid method: first of all, blink vigorously and frequently, and
wash out the foreign matter with tears. If that doesn’t work, pinch your eyelids and rinse your eyes under the tap. Be sure to remove contact lenses.
Within 24 hours of the sprain, try to apply ice packs every hour, half an hour each time. Wrap the injured area with an elastic compression bandage and elevate the injured area. After 24 hours, start to replace the affected area with hot compresses to promote blood circulation in the injured area.
When people are mildly poisoned, they will feel dizzy, weak, nausea, vomiting, and pale. When the poisoning is severe, people will have difficulty breathing, convulsions, and coma.
It is necessary to open the doors and windows immediately, move the patient to a ventilated place, unbutton the patient’s clothes to make breathing smooth, and keep warm to prevent pneumonia from being caught in the cold.